is a sex hormone.
Chemical Formula: C18H24O2
Estradiol is a steroid with two
alcohol or hydroxy groups that is synthesized by the ovaries, placenta, and
testis. This chemical is the most potent of the mammalian estrogenic hormones.
This hormone is responsible for the development of female sex organs, and it
modulates the menstrual cycle. Estradiol slows the breakdown of bones and is
prescribed to women that do not produce estradiol. Estradiol was found to
reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease and to help with the regeneration and
preservation of nerve cells in the brain. Excess levels of estradiol may be
associated with a variety of adverse symptoms and poor health. It has also been
linked to cancer.